Osisko reports third quarter 2015 results
33% Increase in Quarterly Dividend
(Montreal, November 5, 2015) Osisko Gold Royalties Ltd (the “Company” or “Osisko”) (OR: TSX) reports today third quarter net earnings of $9.8 million ($0.10 per share). Net earnings for the first nine months of 2015 reached $24 million ($0.28 per share).
Third Quarter Highlights
- Revenues of $11.7 million;
- Record quarterly gold ounces earned of 8,264 and ounces sold of 7,795;
- Record quarterly silver ounces earned of 7,780 and ounces sold of 7,280;
- Net earnings of $9.8 million, $0.10 per share;
- Adjusted earnings of $15.0 million, $0.16 per share2;
- Net cash flows provided by operating activities of $10.2 million;
- Total value of working capital and marketable securities of $429.5 million;
- Implementation of a Dividend Reinvestment Plan; and
- Declaration of a quarterly dividend of $0.03 per common share paid on October 15, 2015 to shareholders of record as of the close of business on September 30, 2015.
Highlights Subsequent to Quarter End
- Announced in October the acquisition of a portfolio of Canadian royalties held by Teck Resources Limited and its subsidiary Teck Metals Ltd. for a cash consideration of $28 million, with an additional $2.5 million payable on confirmation of certain rights; and
- Dividends declared on November 4, 2015: Increased quarterly dividends to $0.04 per common share (an increase of 33% compared to previous quarter) payable on January 15, 2016 to shareholders of record as of the close of business on December 31, 2015.
Sean Roosen, Chair and Chief Executive Officer, commenting on the third quarter results:
“We would like to congratulate the Partnership and the Canadian Malartic employees on pouring its 2 millionth ounce at Canadian Malartic during the quarter. Canadian Malartic continues to deliver strong results, being yet again the largest gold mine in Canada during the quarter. As the Éléonore mine continues its ramp up period, we expect it to start generating revenues for Osisko during the fourth quarter of 2015. During the third quarter, we also continued our strategy of investing in companies and projects that we believe have the potential to provide Osisko with domestic, long life assets with strong cash flow.”
Third Quarter Results
For the third quarter of 2015, Osisko’s net earnings from continuing operations amounted to $9.8 million or net earnings per share of $0.10 compared to $5.8 million or $0.12 per share in the third quarter of 2014. Revenues in the third quarter of 2015 amounted to $11.7 million from the sale of gold and silver from the 5% NSR royalty received from the Canadian Malartic mine compared to $9.6 million in the third quarter of 2014.
For the first nine months of 2015, Osisko’s net earnings from continuing operations amounted to $24.0 million or net earnings per share of $0.28 compared to $0.1 million or $0.00 per share in the corresponding period of 2014. Revenues in the first nine months of 2015 amounted to $32.6 million from the sale of gold and silver from the 5% NSR royalty received from the Canadian Malartic mine compared to $9.6 million in 2014.
The Company has not started recording revenues from its Éléonore royalty. Virginia Mines Inc. (“Virginia”) had received advance royalty payments of US$5.0 million from 2009 to 2013 (balance of US$0.9 million as at September 30, 2015). Revenues will be recognized once the advance payment received is reduced to nil through royalty payment calculations, which is expected in November 2015.
Agnico Eagle Mines Limited and Yamana Gold Inc., (together referred to as the “Partners”) indicated that Canadian Malartic had a very strong operational performance in the third quarter of 2015. New records were set for quarterly tonnes milled (4.94 million tonnes), tonnes processed per day (53,703 tonnes), and ounces produced (153,206 ounces). On September 22, 2015, the mine poured its two millionth ounce of gold since commencement of mining in April 2011.
During the third quarter of 2015, the Canadian Malartic mill processed an average of 53,703 tonnes per day compared with an average of 52,539 tonnes per day in the corresponding period of 2014. Throughput was higher in the 2015 period due to improved crusher operating time. The average stripping ratio in the third quarter of 2015 was 2.04 to 1.00.
For the first nine months of 2015, the Canadian Malartic mill processed an average of 52,139 tonnes per day compared with an average of 50,580 tonnes per day in the corresponding period of 2014.
The Partners continue to work on initiatives to optimize throughput and costs at Canadian Malartic.
The Partners indicated that the permitting activities for the Barnat Extension and deviation of Highway 117 are continuing. An Environmental Impact Assessment (“EIA”) for this project was submitted in February 2015. An initial series of questions were received by the Partners, and final responses were submitted in September 2015. A second round of questions from the government is expected to be received later in the fourth quarter of 2015. Public hearings are then expected to be held in the spring of 2016, with receipt of the necessary permits potentially by year-end 2016. The Barnat deposit contains higher grade material and should have a positive impact on gold output. In parallel, the Partners are currently working on the permitting for improving the efficiency and environmental performance of the existing mobile crusher. At this point, milling levels are expected to be approximately 53,000 tonnes per day through year-end 2016.
On the exploration side, the Partners reported that at the end of the third quarter of 2015, 28 holes (24,537 metres) of drilling had been completed on the Odyssey zone. Drilling and data compilation will continue in the fourth quarter. Osisko holds a 5% NSR royalty on the Odyssey zone and a 3% NSR royalty on the Odyssey North Zone.
For more information, refer to the press releases of Agnico Eagle and Yamana dated respectively October 28, 2015 and October 29, 2015 filed on SEDAR (www.sedar.com).
Osisko, through its wholly-owned subsidiary Osisko Exploration James Bay Inc. (formerly Virginia Mines Inc.), owns a 2.0% to 3.5% NSR royalty in the Éléonore gold property located in the Province of Québec and operated by Goldcorp.
At Éléonore in Québec, first gold pour was achieved in October 2014 and commercial production was declared on April 1, 2015.
Goldcorp indicated that gold production in the third quarter reached 86,700 ounces, which represents an increase of 42,900 ounces or 98% compared to the second quarter of 2015. Production increased over the prior quarter as a result of the expansion of underground mining from two to four horizons, in addition to successful mine optimization initiatives. Stoping productivity and mining flexibility continued to improve, contributing to higher underground mine tonnage quarter over quarter. Mill throughput during the quarter averaged 6,500 tonnes per day. While recoveries in the third quarter were impacted by the presence of iron sulphides in certain production stopes, metallurgical studies are underway and are expected to minimize the effect on future recoveries.
Goldcorp indicated that the successful resolution of previously-reported initial start-up issues, underground development, mine tonnage production and mill throughput have all increased in accordance with the plan. In addition to these improvements, higher second half gold production at Éléonore is also dependent upon higher gold grades expected in Horizon 4, the deepest of the four mining horizons that comprise Éléonore’s forecast 2015 gold production. The Roberto deposit is hosted in sedimentary rock, and mined material from all four horizons has identified a wide range of folding and faulting consistent with the host rock package. With the first mining stope from Horizon 4 now underway, in-situ ore grades have been as expected, however higher than anticipated folding is being encountered. Mining in these folded veins areas is resulting in higher dilution and therefore lower than planned mined grades and gold production. The Éléonore team is working to adjust stope design to minimize these impacts.
As a result of these conditions, in September 2015, Goldcorp revised its 2015 gold production guidance at Éléonore to between 250,000 and 270,000 ounces, reduced from previously forecasted 290,000 to 330,000 ounces.
Goldcorp indicated that the Éléonore mill ramp-up continues to progress successfully, with daily throughput averaging 5,418 tonnes in August and achieving nameplate capacity of 7,000 tonnes on August 11, 2015. Ramp-up of the mine and mill to full throughput of 7,000 tonnes per day remains on track for the first half of 2018.
In the first quarter of 2015, Goldcorp had indicated that the Éléonore Crown Pillar could be mined earlier than anticipated to further enhance the production profile and return on capital employed. Work on the Éléonore crown pillar pre-feasibility study continues to advance in the third quarter with completion anticipated by the end of 2015. Major activities included the progression of the trade-off study between open pit and underground mining, determination of the dike location, and permitting and stakeholder engagement efforts.
On the exploration side, Goldcorp indicated that drilling continues to target the lower portion of the Roberto deposit below 650 metres in what will become Horizons 5 and 6. Positive results continue to support the potential for successful conversion of resources to reserves and extend the deposit at depth, which remains open including the core area. Positive results continue in the 494 target area adding confidence to the size and importance of this target.
For more information, refer to the press releases of Goldcorp dated October 29, 2015, September 8, 2015 and April 30, 2015 as well as the MD&A for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2015 filed on SEDAR (www.sedar.com).
Osisko will not receive any gold or silver ounces until a US$5 million non-interest bearing royalty advance payment has been recovered from production of Éléonore by Goldcorp. The recovery is at a rate of 2.2% of production valued at market price. Based on the revised guidance, the Company expects to receive royalties starting late November 2015.
Acquisition of Royalty Interests
Teck Canadian Royalties
The Company announced in October that it has entered into a definitive agreement to acquire a portfolio of Canadian royalties held by Teck Resources Limited and its subsidiary Teck Metals Ltd. (“Teck”) for a cash consideration of $28 million, with an additional $2.5 million payable on confirmation of certain rights.
The portfolio consists of 31 royalties, most of which are NSR royalties, including the following key royalties:
- Three NSR royalties from 2% to 3% on the producing Island Gold Mine properties located in Northern Ontario owned by Richmont Mines Inc.;
- 2% NSR royalty on the Lamaque property located in the Abitibi owned by Integra Gold Corp.;
- 2% NSR royalty on the Hewfran Block located in Northern Québec owned by Metanor Resources Inc.;
- 0.5% NSR royalty and right to $5 million payment upon commercial production on the Marban property Québec owned by NioGold Mining Corp and located near the Canadian Malartic Mine in Malartic;
- 1.5% NSR royalty on a portion of the Fenn-Gib property located in northern Ontario owned by Lake Shore Gold Corp.; and
- 1.5% to 2% NSR royalty on the Garrcon property located in northern Ontario and owned by Northern Gold Mining Inc.
The portfolio also includes other precious metal royalty assets on exploration and development properties. Certain NSR royalties are subject to buy-back clauses by the current property owners.
The Teck Resources Limited transaction is expected to be completed by or before November 16, 2015, and the Teck Metals Ltd. by or before February 28, 2016. The acquisitions will be funded from Osisko’s cash on hand.
Caisse de dépôt et placement du Québec (“CDPQ”) and Fonds de solidarité des travailleurs du Québec (F.T.Q.) (“Fonds”) had completed private placements into Osisko and Virginia as a part of the business combination completed in February 2015. Accordingly, CDPQ and Fonds were granted a combined 15% right to participate in all future royalty or stream transactions entered into by Osisko. CDPQ has advised the Company that it will exercise the participation right to acquire 15% of the royalty interests acquired by Osisko.
The Company acquired a 5% net smelter return royalty and a 40% net profit interest royalty in the Vezza gold property operated by Ressources Nottaway Inc., a private company, for a total acquisition price of $10.0 million. The property is located 25km from Matagami, Québec. Commercial production is forecasted for January 2016.
Other Advanced Non-producing Royalty Interests and Options
The Company holds the following non-producing interests and options.
Advanced Non-producing Royalty Interests:
|Vezza||Ressources Nottaway Inc.||5% NSR royalty||Au||Québec||Development|
|Vezza||Ressources Nottaway Inc.||40% NPI royalty(1)||n/a||Québec||Development|
|Pandora||Agnico/Yamana||2% NSR royalty||Au||Québec||Development|
|Malartic CHL – Odyssey North||Agnico/Yamana||3% NSR royalty||Au||Québec||Exploration|
|Hammond Reef||Agnico/Yamana||2% NSR royalty||Au||Ontario||Development|
|Upper Beaver||Agnico/Yamana||2% NSR royalty||Au, Cu||Ontario||Exploration|
|Kirkland Lake Camp||Agnico/Yamana||2% NSR royalty||Au, Cu||Ontario||Exploration|
|White Pine North – Copperwood||Highland Copper||3% sliding-scale NSR royalty(2)||Ag, Cu||Michigan, USA||Exploration|
Advanced Non-producing Royalty Options:
|Asset||Operator||Interest||Price to Exercise||Commodities||Jurisdiction||Stage|
|Marban||NioGold Mining||0.25% NSR Royalty||$1,000,000||Au||Québec||Development|
|Neita||Unigold||2% NSR Royalty||$2,000,000||Au||Dominican Republic||Exploration|
|Yellowknife City Gold||TerraX||3% NSR Royalty||$4,000,000||Au||Northwest Territories||Exploration|
|Oban Mining Projects(3)||Oban Mining Corporation||1% NSR Royatly||$5,000,000||na||na||na|
- NPI: Net profit interest
- Subject to conversion of Osisko’s $10M convertible loan with Highland Copper
- Osisko has a one time right to purchase a 1% NSR royalty on Oban Mining Corporation’s project upon Oban’s future financing completed prior to August 25, 2020.
Portfolio of Investments
The Company’s assets include a portfolio of shares of publicly traded companies. Osisko invests, and intends to continue from time to time investing, in various companies within the mining industry for investment purposes, and with the objective of improving its ability to acquire interests in exploration assets, future royalties or revenue streams. In addition to investment objectives, in some cases, the Company may decide to take a more active role, including providing management personnel, technical and/or administrative support, as well as nominating individuals to the investee’s board of directors.
Investment in Associates – Oban Mining Corporation (“Oban”)
In August 2015, Oban acquired Eagle Hill Exploration Corporation, Ryan Gold Corp. and Corona Gold Corporation to combine leadership, treasuries and assets to form a new leading Canadian focused gold exploration and development company. Osisko invested $17.8 million in shares for an estimated interest of 16.9% in Oban. Osisko is also to be granted a right to acquire a 1% NSR on all properties held by Oban. Mr. John Burzynski has been appointed President and CEO of Oban and Mr. Sean Roosen was appointed co-Chair of the Board of Directors.
Oban’s flagship project is the high-grade Windfall Lake gold deposit located between Val-d’Or and Chibougamau in Québec, Canada. Oban also holds a 100% undivided interest in a large area of claims in the Urban Barry area (82,400ha) of Québec. In addition, Oban holds an option to acquire from Northstar Gold Corp. up to a 70% interest in the Miller Project in northern Ontario pursuant to an option agreement with Northstar Gold Corp. Oban also holds a 100% interest in the Roach Property in northern Ontario and has options with other third parties to acquire a 100% undivided interest in the Côté Property, the Golden Dawn Project, the Hunter Property and other properties in the vicinity.
In April 2015, an independent Preliminary Economic Assessment was released for the Windfall Lake Gold Project, outlining the design for a 1,200 tonnes per day underground mine producing 106,200 ounces of payable gold annually for 7.8 years. Oban is actively advancing the Windfall Lake Gold Project, with the objective of moving the project to a production stage as quickly as possible. In October 2015, it announced the commencement of a 55,000 meter drill program on the Windfall Lake Gold Project. Oban is well financed with approximately $73.0 million in cash, cash equivalents and marketable securities as at October 20, 2015.
For more information, please refer to the press release of Oban dated October 20, 2015 filed on SEDAR (www.sedar.com).
Labrador Iron Ore Royalty Corporation (“LIORC”)
Since the beginning of 2015, Osisko has acquired a 9.75% interest in LIORC. The Company views this investment as a great opportunity to provide asset/commodity diversification to its current portfolio of royalties while maintaining the gold focus through exposure to a world-class, long-life iron ore asset in a stable jurisdiction. LIORC is entirely focused on the Iron Ore Company of Canada (“IOC”) operations through:
- 7% gross royalty on the IOC iron ore operations;
- A $0.10 per tonne marketing fee on all products sold by IOC; and
- 15% direct interest in IOC.
IOC is a major Canadian iron ore producer held by Rio Tinto (59%), Mitsubishi Corporation (26%) and LIORC. The mine located in the Newfoundland and Labrador Province in Canada has been in operations for more than 53 years. As per the 2014 Annual Report of LIORC (filed on SEDAR (www.sedar.com)), the mine has reserves to continue operations for 29 years at current production rate.
During the first, second and third quarter of 2015, LIORC declared a quarterly dividend of $0.25 per share. Osisko’s share of dividends amounted to $4.3 million. Based on its current holding and on the historical information for the years 2009 to 2014, the Company’s investment in LIORC would have provided for cash dividends of $6.2 million to $14.0 million on an annual basis.
The investment in LIORC provides diversification to gold production and is consistent with Osisko’s philosophy of investing in long-life mines operated by world-class mining companies in safe jurisdictions.
In October, Rio Tinto released its third quarter operations review including IOC production and sales results. During the first nine months of 2015, IOC demonstrated a significant shift in operational performance, attributable to improved haul truck and mill availability and enhanced productivity rates for haul trucks and shovels. This resulted in a 21% increase in concentrates produced to 5.5 million tonnes and a 14% rise in pellet production to 7.3 million tonnes.
Exploration and Evaluation
James Bay and Labrador Trough areas, Québec
Osisko acquired exploration and evaluation projects through the acquisition of Virginia. The 2015 budget for exploration and evaluation activities in the James Bay area and Labrador Trough areas amounts to $13 million (January to December) of which $7 million is funded through flow-through shares and $4 million is funded with Québec institutional partners.
The exploration program continued on the Coulon project (James Bay area) focusing mainly on a diamond drilling program on Lens 257 and on regional targets. During the second quarter, 15 diamond drill holes were completed (10,736 meters) on the Coulon project. The winter 2015 exploration program was completed during that period and consisted of 32 holes for a total of 18,036 metres. Drilling (directional drilling with Devicore) extended Lens 257 towards the south-south-west and the north-north-east. Lens 257 is now followed over more than 720 meters laterally and remains open at both ends along its long axis. It could extend for an additional 250 meters towards south-south-west and could merge at depth with lens 9-25 to the north-north-east. A 5,600 meter drill program will be initiated on the Coulon project. The program will continue to test the upper and lower extensions of Lens 257 and the west flank of the main fold structure.
On November 4, 2015, the Board of Directors has declared the fifth quarterly dividend of $0.04 per common share payable on January 15, 2016 to shareholders of record as of the close of business on December 31, 2015.
In September 2015, the Company implemented a dividend reinvestment plan (the “DRIP”). Shareholders who are residents of Canada may elect to participate in the DRIP which commenced with the dividend that was paid on October 15, 2015 to shareholders on record as of September 30, 2015. Participation in the DRIP is optional and will not affect shareholders’ cash dividends unless they elect to participate in the DRIP. In connection with the October 15, 2015 dividend payment date, the dividend paid to participants in the DRIP was by way of common shares issued from treasury at a 3% discount to the Average Market Price, as defined in the DRIP (available at http://osiskogr.com/en/dividends/drip/).
The Company completed the quarter with a strong balance sheet. Cash and cash equivalents totaled $304.1 million and net working capital stood at $298.9 million. The Company is debt-free, unhedged and with the closing of its revolving $100 million credit facility announced in November 2014 (which can be increased by $50 million), has the financial flexibility to enhance its royalty portfolio.
Osisko Gold Royalties’ 2015 outlook on royalties is based on the publicly available forecast for the Canadian Malartic mine published by Yamana and Agnico Eagle, and for the Éléonore mine published by Goldcorp.
Attributable royalty production for 2015 is estimated at 28,000 gold ounces for the Canadian Malartic mine and between 1,500 and 1,900 gold ounces for the Éléonore mine. The Company also expects to continue its exploration programs in the James Bay area.
Although Osisko Gold Royalties is a new legal entity, it has been determined under International Financial Reporting Standards (“IFRS”) that for financial reporting purposes, the Company is considered to be a continuation of OMC up to and until June 15, 2014.
Therefore, discontinued operations for the three and nine months of 2014 reflect results of the Canadian mining, exploration and evaluation activities of OMC that are deemed to have been disposed of on June 16, 2014.
Q3 Conference Call Information
Osisko will host a conference call on Wednesday, November 5, 2015 at 10:00 EST, where senior management will discuss the financial results and provide an update of the Company’s activities. Those interested in participating in the conference call should dial in approximately five to ten minutes before the start of the conference to allow ample time to access at 1-(617) 826-1698 (international), or 1-(877) 648-7976 (North American toll free). An operator will direct participants to the call.
The conference call replay will be available from 1:00 pm EST on November 5, 2015 until 11:59 pm EST on November 12, 2015 with the following dial in numbers: 1-(855) 859-2056 (North American toll free) or 1-(404) 537-3406, access code 71592755.
About Osisko Gold Royalties Ltd
Osisko is an intermediate mining royalty and exploration company with two world-class gold royalty assets. These two cornerstone assets are a 5% net smelter return (“NSR”) royalty on the world-class Canadian Malartic gold mine, located in Malartic, Québec, and a 2.0-3.5% NSR on the Éléonore gold mine, located in James Bay, Québec. Osisko also holds a 3% NSR royalty on the Malartic CHL property as well as a 2% NSR royalty on the Upper Beaver, Kirkland Lake and Hammond Reef gold exploration projects in Northern Ontario. The Company also owns a 9.75% equity interest in Labrador Iron Ore Royalty Corporation.
Osisko’s head office is located at 1100 Avenue des Canadiens-de-Montréal, Suite 300, Montréal, Québec, H3B 2S2.
Certain statements contained in this press release may be deemed “forward-looking statements”. All statements in this release, other than statements of historical fact, that address future events, developments or performance that Osisko expects to occur including management’s expectations regarding Osisko’s growth, results of operations, estimated future revenues, requirements for additional capital, mineral reserve and mineral resource estimates, production estimates, production costs and revenue, future demand for and prices of commodities, business prospects and opportunities are forward looking statements. In addition, statements (including data in tables) relating to reserves and resources and gold equivalent ounces are forward looking statements, as they involve implied assessment, based on certain estimates and assumptions, and no assurance can be given that the estimates will be realized. Forward looking statements are statements that are not historical facts and are generally, but not always, identified by the words “expects”, “plans”, “anticipates”, “believes”, “intends”, “estimates”, “projects”, “potential”, “scheduled” and similar expressions or variations (Including negative variations), or that events or conditions “will”, “would”, “may”, “could” or “should” occur including, without limitation, the performance of the assets of Osisko, and the realization of the anticipated benefits deriving from the Virginia acquisition and its portfolio of investments. Although Osisko believes the expectations expressed in such forward-looking statements are based on reasonable assumptions, such statements involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors and are not guarantees of future performance and actual results may accordingly differ materially from those in forward looking statements. Factors that could cause the actual results to differ materially from those in forward-looking statements include, without limitation: fluctuations in the prices of the commodities that drive royalties held by Osisko (gold and silver); fluctuations in the value of the Canadian dollar relative to the U.S. dollar; regulatory changes in national and local government, including permitting and licensing regimes and taxation policies; regulations and political or economic developments in any of the countries where properties in which Osisko holds a royalty or other interest are located or through which they are held; risks related to the Partners of the properties in which Osisko holds a royalty, influence of macroeconomic developments; business opportunities that become available to, or are pursued by Osisko; continued availability of capital and financing and general economic, market or business conditions; litigation; title, permit or license disputes related to interests on any of the properties in which Osisko holds a royalty or other interest; development, permitting, infrastructure, operating or technical difficulties on any of the properties in which Osisko holds a royalty or other interest; rate and timing of production differences from resource estimates or production forecasts by Partners of properties in which Osisko holds a royalty or other interest ; risks and hazards associated with the business of exploring, development and mining on any of the properties in which Osisko holds a royalty or other interest, including, but not limited to unusual or unexpected geological and metallurgical conditions, slope failures or cave-ins, flooding and other natural disasters or civil unrest or other uninsured risks. The forward looking statements contained in this press release are based upon assumptions management believes to be reasonable, including, without limitation: the ongoing operation of the properties in which Osisko holds a royalty or other interest by the owners or Partners of such properties in a manner consistent with past practice; the accuracy of public statements and disclosures made by the owners or Partners of such underlying properties; no material adverse change in the market price of the commodities that underlie the asset portfolio; no adverse development in respect of any significant property in which Osisko holds a royalty, stream or other interest; the accuracy of publicly disclosed expectations for the development of underlying properties that are not yet in production; and the absence of any other factors that could cause actions, events or results to differ from those anticipated, estimated or intended.
For additional information with respect to these and other factors and assumptions underlying the forward-looking statements made in this press release, see the section entitled “Risk Factors” (beginning on page 20) in the Annual Information Form of Osisko for the year ended December 31, 2014, and the section entitled “Risks and Uncertainties” in the Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Osisko for the quarter ended September 30, 2015, which are filed with the Canadian securities commissions and available electronically under Osisko’s issuer profile on SEDAR at www.sedar.com. The forward-looking information set forth herein reflects Osisko’s expectations as at the date of this press release and is subject to change after such date. Osisko disclaims any intention or obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, other than as required by law “Adjusted earnings” and “Adjusted earnings per share” are non-IFRS financial performance measures which have no standard definition under IFRS. Refer to the non-IFRS measures provided under the Non-IFRS Financial Performance Measures section of the Management and Discussion Analysis.  Before change in non-cash working capital items